The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.