Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.