High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.