Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
the total leaf area (LAI).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
As plants respire, they release
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.