To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air temperature (T).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air humidity (VPD).
the total leaf area (LAI).
soil moisture (REW).
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.