The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
As plants respire, they release
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture
exposure to high temperature
exposure to excess of light
exposure to excess of CO2
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in air temperature.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.