Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.