When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.