The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
As plants respire, they release
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.