Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from