Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.