In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air humidity (VPD).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
soil moisture (REW).
air temperature (T).
the total leaf area (LAI).
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.