Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air temperature (T).
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
As plants respire, they release
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from