Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
As plants respire, they release