At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
soil moisture (REW).
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
As plants respire, they release