To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
As plants respire, they release
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of light.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.