De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
As plants respire, they release