Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
air temperature (T).
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.