The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air humidity (VPD).
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.