High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
As plants respire, they release
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.