A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.