Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
As plants respire, they release
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in air temperature.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.