Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
As plants respire, they release
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.