Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to high temperature.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.