In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis