A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
the total leaf area (LAI).
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2
exposure to high temperature
exposure to shortage of soil moisture
exposure to excess of light
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in soil temperature.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.