A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
As plants respire, they release
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light
exposure to excess of CO2
exposure to high temperature
exposure to shortage of soil moisture
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.