In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
As plants respire, they release
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.