Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature
exposure to excess of CO2
exposure to excess of light
exposure to shortage of soil moisture
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.