To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.