At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
As plants respire, they release
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in air temperature.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.