Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
the total leaf area (LAI).
soil moisture (REW).
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in light.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?