Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
the total leaf area (LAI).
air humidity (VPD).
air temperature (T).
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to excess of light.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.