As plants respire, they release
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air humidity (VPD).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis