Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air temperature (T).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.