Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
the total leaf area (LAI).
soil moisture (REW).
air humidity (VPD).
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.