A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
As plants respire, they release
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air temperature (T).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air humidity (VPD).
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.