In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
As plants respire, they release
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.