Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
As plants respire, they release
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
air humidity (VPD).
air temperature (T).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
soil moisture (REW).
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.