At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
the total leaf area (LAI).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
air humidity (VPD).
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Transpiration decreases as air becomes drier.