De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
Early spring is a tricky time for plants due to the combination of sunny but still quite cold days.
The effect of light on photosynthesis has a clear saturating pattern: more light results in more photosynthesis but eventually leaves cannot take full advantage of all the extra light.
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
The annual cycle of photosynthesis mainly follows
the changes in light.
the changes in soil temperature.
the changes in CO2 concentration.
the changes in air temperature.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.
Almost half of the total biomass of a tree may be allocated to the roots.
Photoinhibition means the decrease in photosynthesis due to
exposure to high temperature.
exposure to excess of light.
exposure to excess of CO2.
exposure to shortage of soil moisture.
Carbon becomes locked as part of the accumulating plant biomass as plants grow.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
Photosynthesis of a tree canopy is driven or influenced by
air humidity (VPD).
soil moisture (REW).
photosynthetically active solar radiation (PAR).
air temperature (T).
the total leaf area (LAI).