Leaf area increases with stand age, resulting in a decreasing rate of photosynthesis in the stand.
An increment in leaf area increases also the photosynthesis of a tree stand. However, the relationship is saturating.
What is the source of carbon that is assimilated in photosynthesis?
To transform atmospheric CO2 into organic molecules, plants can use the energy from
Plants open its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Plant closes its stomata to avoid losing too much water.
Carbon capture is performed by the green parts of plants via photosynthesis.
A complex microbiota lives belowground, releasing carbon dioxide to the soil.
In general, the more carbon dioxide that is available to the plant, the faster the rate of photosynthesis - if other factors are favourable.
De-hardening in spring involves gradual re-hydration of the cells, recovery of photosynthetic capacity and a tight control of water loss.
At low air humidity, a plant closes its stomata to prevent transpiration. The action also decreases photosynthesis
High soil moisture leads to decreased photosynthesis.
In boreal upland forests, low soil moisture decreases the rate of photosynthesis.
In some part of the stems, some photosynthesis may also occur.
As plants respire, they release
Photosynthesis releases oxygen whereas respiration releases CO2.
When there is low soil moisture, plants close its stomata pores which then decreases photosynthesis.
Plant respiration captures CO2.
Unlike photosynhesis, plant respiration captures atmospheric oxygen and releases carbon dioxide.
The rate of respiration decreases with temperature.